Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. To be a cardiologist in the United States, a three year residency in internal medicine is followed by a three year residency in cardiology. It is possible to specialize further in a sub-specialty.
Heart failure is a clinical syndrome characterised by:
- Typical symptoms: breathlessness, fatigue, ankle swelling.
- Typical signs: tachycardia, tachypnoea, pulmonary rales, pleural effusion, raised jugular venous pressure (JVP), peripheral oedema, hepatomegaly.
- Objective evidence of a structural or functional abnormality of the heart at rest: cardiomegaly
Useful info and health tips
How is my Medical Services Provider assigned?
Your Medical Services Provider is randomly assigned to you when you first enroll at Columbia University. However, you are welcomed to change your health care provider whenever you like simply by informing our front desk staff.
How do I make a medical appointment?
Use our secure appointment portal, Open CommunicatorOpens in a new window, to make an appointment online
What do I need to do to get vaccines?
First, know which vaccine(s) you need. Based on this information, you can either be seen directly at John Jay Hall, 4th Floor or make an appointment for an evaluation.
To make your appointment, schedule it via Open Communicator and select “vaccinations”. Follow the steps listed to identify if you need a nurse or a physician appointment. You can also call (212) 854-7426 to schedule an appointment or come see us at John Jay Hall, 4th Floor to make an appointment in person.
Do I need an appointment for emergency contraception?
Visit Medical Services during hours of operation if you need emergency contraception immediately or schedule a same day appointment with a Medical Services provider. Most emergency contraception must be started within 72 hours.